Home studio equipment for bedroom producers. Whether you are a producer, audio engineer, musician, rapper, singer, voice actor, podcaster or just an enthusiast, you need a home studio.
How to build a home studio?
To build a home studio for producing, recording, mixing and mastering music or audio, you need home studio equipment. What you need and can get depends on your budget, level of ambition. To get started, a bedroom producer only needs the home studio essentials: a laptop, a pair of headphones and some music production software, but a complete home studio equipment list might look like this:
- A computer/laptop
- Digital Audio Workstation (music production software)
- Soundproofing (acoustic treatment)
- Studio monitors (loudspeakers)
- Audio interfaces and soundcards
- Controllers and samplers
- Microphones and pop filters
- Instruments and amplifiers
- Mic, speaker and instrument stands
- Cables and power strips
Pick a room
The ideal room to turn in to a home studio is quiet and large enough to fit all of your current and future home studio equipment. The acoustics also matter if you plan to record directly, and bigger rooms tend to sound better. A room with an irregular shape is better, since parallel walls cause flutter echo.
You might need acoustic treatment to soundproof the room, to reduce echoes, or to trap certain frequencies. Inner rooms are generally better than exterior rooms and require less soundproofing. Professional audio control rooms typically pair a reflective (hard) floor with an absorptive (soft) ceiling.
The ideal room for a home studio:
- Is as quiet as possible
- Is large enough
- Is irregularly shaped (not square/rectangular)
- Has hard floors
Get a decent computer
It’s possible to make music on any computer, but if you’re using modern music production software with lots of channels, instruments and effects, you will need a good computer with a fast CPU and lots of RAM, both to ensure smooth playback and to reduce distortion during production. When it comes to operating system, Windows has the largest selection of software, but Mac and Linux are perfectly viable options as well.
You can read our guide for picking the best laptop for home studios below:
Buy a pair of high quality headphones
You will likely spend most of your time producing and recording wearing headphones, so make sure they are good enough to catch subtle sounds in your tracks. You don’t need to spend thousands of dollars to get professional studio headphones as your first pair, but they need to accurately reproduce the sounds. This means they should have a flat frequency response and not boost the bass or treble, so that you can hear what the track actually sounds like.
Choose your music production software (DAW)
There’s lots of options when it comes to music production software, with various features and functionality. It should handle tracking, sequencing, editing and mixing, with support for third-party VSTs and effects.
Studio monitors are specialized loudspeakers with built-in amplifiers, which can produce a truer audio output. Since music can sound radically different depending on the device, speakers/headphones, settings and surroundings, it’s important to produce your music with the most accurate, neutral and unadulterated sound. They are more expensive than standard stereo speakers, but the difference is undeniable and the value is immeasurable.